The Annals of the College of Medicine Mosul provides publication in all fields of medicine and medical sciences that are pertinent to the local and regional community. It is a scientific peered-reviewed journal to meet the needs of academics, practitioners, health policy makers and communities they serve in Iraq and in the Middle East. What's more, it is approved by the Iraqi Ministry of Higher Education and Scientific Research for academic promotion.
The mission of the journal is to promote all branches and raise the standards of medicine in Iraq and in the Middle East. In addition, it aims at providing academically sound and clinically practical information for physicians for the promotion of their specialty according to each field of medicine.
The editorial board and peer-review process of the journal have full editorial autonomy. Prominent reviewers facilitate directing the journal to achieve its mission and foster regional and international participation.
The first issue of the journal was published in 1966 but ceased during 1983. At a later date, namely in 1987, it was restarted notwithstanding all obstacles; the factor which lies behind its uniqueness and innovativity.

The journal was again ceased between mid 2014 and mid 2017, yet it recovered and resumed by late 2017 thanks to the extraordinary efforts by its editorial staff, coordinating members, and the support of the faculty of the College of Medinice/University of Mosul.

The Annals of the College of Medicine Mosul got the ISSN in 1997 (ISSN 0027-1446) and got the eISSN in 2013 (eISSN 2309-6217). It is published biannually and accepts review articles, papers on laboratory, clinical and health system researches, preliminary communications, clinical case reports and letters to the editor, both in Arabic and in English.