Types of urinary stones in Duhok Province
Annals of the College of Medicine, Mosul,
2012, Volume 38, Issue 2, Pages 40-43
Aim: This study was conducted to evaluate the biochemical composition of urinary stones in Dohuk Province.
Patients and methods: A prospective study done at Azadi-Teaching Hospital in Duhok city, during a period of two years from Jun. 2009 to Jun. 2001. The total number of patients collected was 150. Both inpatients and outpatients were included. Pediatric age group excluded.
The source of collection of samples was: stones passed spontaneously by the patient with conservative treatment, or after surgery or extra corporeal shock wave lithotripsy (ESWL).
Results: Total number of patients was 150, 102 patients (68%) were males & 48 patients (32%) were females, male: female ratio = 2.1:1. Out of 150 patients, 52 (35%) had calcium phosphate, 45 (30%) had calcium oxalate, and 30 (20%) with uric acid stones. 20 patients (13%) had mixed stones "calcium phosphate and calcium oxalate" and only 3 patient (2%) had pure oxalate stones.
Out of 150 patients, 117 (78%) had calcium stones & 30 patients (20%) had uric acid stones, & 3 patients (2%) had oxalate stone. No other types of stones were detected in this study.
Conclusion: The study revealed that most of the stones in our patients were calcium containing stones. The most common stones were calcium phosphate, and the percentage of uric acid stones was high.
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