Document Type : Review Paper


Department of Pharmacology, College of Medicine , University of Mosul , Mosul , Iraq


Cannabis has been known for many centuries for its recreational and medical uses. The use of medical cannabis (MC) is on the rise with growing body of evidence about the benefits and safety of MC treatment. The use of MC represents a very interesting area for both patients and researchers for its potential therapeutic uses which include wide array of benign and malignant diseases across the board including both sexes and different age groups. Currently more than 40 countries have approved the use of Cannabis for medical purposes.
This article will review the history, terminology, mechanism of action, metabolism, pharmacological forms, legality and adverse effects profile. It represents an essential source of knowledge for clinician and researchers interested in pursuing the therapeutic potentials of MC. Proper understanding of such introduction is pivotal for safe and effective use of this multipurpose medicine.


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