Document Type : Research Paper


1 Nursing Department, Kalar Technical College, Sulaimani Polytechnic University, Iraq

2 Department of Medicine, College of Medicine, University of Garmyan, Kurdistan region, Iraq


Background: Pneumonia is a common acute respiratory infection that affects the alveoli and airways; it is a significant health problem and is associated with morbidity and mortality in all age groups worldwide.
Objective: The objective of this study is to evaluate the knowledge and practices of nurses at Qala Hospital in Kalar, Iraq, regarding the prevention and management of pneumonia in patients with COVID-19.
Methods: A quantitative design descriptive cross-sectional study was used to evaluate was used to recruit a sample of 46 nurses in Qala Hospital in Kalar City, from April 2022. The study sample was chosen by convenience sampling technique. and The data for this study were collected using a researcher-designed questionnaire. The collected data were then analyzed using the Statistical Package for the Social Sciences (SPSS) version 22.
Results: Most of the study nurses 60.9% fell within the age range of 23-27 years, female, single, diploma in nursing, and had Experience as a Nurse (1-2) years. The study findings revealed more than half sufficient knowledge regarding the Prevention of pneumonia. Nurses weren't particularly unaware of the management of pneumonia. Good knowledge about the prevention and management of pneumonia in a patient with COVID-19. Statistically, a significant association was found between nurses' marital status and level of education, while no significant relationships with age and gender.
Conclusion: In this study, the majority of participants were female, young in age, and held a Nursing diploma. Around two-thirds of the participants had one to two years of experience working in a hospital setting. The findings suggest that nurses possess sufficient knowledge about the management of pneumonia. The main observation was that participants demonstrated good knowledge regarding the prevention and management of pneumonia in patients with COVID-19.


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