Complications after Covid-19 vaccination
Annals of the College of Medicine, Mosul,
2022, Volume 44, Issue 1, Pages 88-94
AbstractBackground : Coronavirus disease (COVID-19) is an infectious disease caused by the SARS-CoV-2 virus.
Most people who fall sick with COVID-19 will experience mild to moderate symptoms and recover without special treatment. However, some will become seriously ill and require medical attention.
Objective : The aims of this study is to explore the different side effects associated with the three most common vaccines against Covid-19 in Nineveh, Iraq. Such study will aid healthcare workers and policy makers in the betterment of medical care for concerned patients, therefore, improving their quality of life.
Patients and methods: The study is a prospective case series study, included 498 participants, 48.1% of them were between the ages 18 to 30 years, 54.0% are married, Only these two characteristics were significantly different among vaccine users (p-value = .041 and .001, respectively).
Results: Frequency of Adverse Reactions Based on the Vaccine
For the first dose, the most common symptoms were body/joint pain, headache, fatigue and fever.
The frequency of these symptoms in addition to respiratory symptoms were significantly more frequent within the AstraZeneca vaccine (all p <.001).
While the Pfizer-BioNTech vaccine had significantly higher frequency of no experienced symptoms (p <.001).
For the second dose, the trends of the adverse effects did not change. However, the symptoms of joint/body pains, headache, fatigue, and fever were significantly more pronounced in the Pfizer-BioNTech vaccine (all p <.001).
Conclusions and recommendations: In conclusion, we noticed that post vaccine side effects are common with all vaccines but are more pronounced in new technology vaccines.
The application of a governmental surveillance system adverse effect severity is highly recommended.
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