Huge Biloma in a child with unusual presentation
Annals of the College of Medicine, Mosul,
2021, Volume 43, Issue 1, Pages 76-80
The term "biloma" describes a well-demarcated, encapsulated or not, intra-abdominal (extrahepatic or intrahepatic) bile collection outside the biliary tree, secondary to iatrogenic, traumatic or spontaneous rupture of the biliary tree. The clinical symptoms of bilomas are usually nonspecific, ranging from no symptoms to abdominal pain, jaundice, and fever. There were only few cases of huge bilomas in the literature but no report of conincidental extrahepatic and intrahepatic biloma in the same patient.
We report herein a 12 years boy with huge biloma (20cm in vertical diameter) after blunt abdominal trauma, presented with unique clinical features of marked emaciation and diffuse abdominal distention . To our knowledge this is the largest biloma ever reported in paediatric age group and the first biloma with such unique clinical presentation, and the first case with both extrahepatic and intrahepatic bilomas in single setting.
Although biloma is rare condition but it needs to be considered in differential diagnosis of diffuse abdominal distension in patients following abdominal trauma or surgery.
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