Print ISSN: 0027-1446

Online ISSN: 2309-6217

Main Subjects : Pediatrics

Childhood obesity: A review of literatures

Mazin Mahmoud Fawzi; Omar Farouq Fadel Alomari

Annals of the College of Medicine, Mosul, 2022, Volume 44, Issue 1, Pages 48-53
DOI: 10.33899/mmed.2022.133478.1144

Obesity is a multifarious disorder involving developmental, behavioral, biological, environmental, and hereditary components; it is a major medical health issue. The greatest predominant cause of childhood obesity is a discrepancy in energy balance. The physicians have commonly depended on changes in food consumption with exercise since there is no single treatment choice for obesity treatment . The prevention of childhood obesity is considered as the enduring, cost-effective solution to the problem of obesity, effective methods for it still indescribable. In summary, this study will overview the implications, and treatment options available for childhood obesity.

Periconceptional folate supplementation for the prevention of congenital heart diseases: A review of literatures

Mazin Mahmoud Fawzi

Annals of the College of Medicine, Mosul, 2021, Volume 43, Issue 2, Pages 207-211
DOI: 10.33899/mmed.2021.130832.1102

Background: Folate is essential for metabolism and development. So, folate metabolism abnormalities are common in infants with some congenital defects. An infant born to mothers with normal folate status has more resistant to congenital heart diseases (CHDs). Evidence on risk factors for developmental defects resulting from drug use before conception and during pregnancy is still very limited. The relationship between folic acid for mothers before and throughout pregnancy and the incidence of fetal malformations and diseases have been recognized.
Aims: This article is a rapid review for assessment of the folic acid supplementation as a preventive measure of CHDs during fetal development, and what is already recognized about a policy of this subject, by using systematic review methods to search some of the existing researches.
Materials: publications related to determining and quantifying the use of folate by pregnant mothers to decrease the risk of congenital heart diseases were reviewed. Many studies have confirmed the reduction of congenital heart diseases by folic acid supplementation prior to pregnancy.
Conclusion: the protective effect of folic acid against congenital heart abnormalities has been established. Though, the dose and time of supplementation are not known; more researches are needed to explain the mechanisms.