Print ISSN: 0027-1446

Online ISSN: 2309-6217

Keywords : Propolis


Effects of Bee Propolis on Blood Pressure Record and Certain Biochemical Parameter in Healthy Volunteers

Annals of the College of Medicine, Mosul, 2018, Volume 40, Issue 1, Pages 20-26
DOI: 10.33899/mmed.2018.159191

ABSTRACT
Objectives: To evaluate the effect of encapsulated bee propolis supplementation 500 mg twice daily for 2 months on blood pressure record, fasting serum glucose, lipid profile and serum uric acid in otherwise healthy volunteers in comparison to controls.
Design: The study was conducted from October 2017 to April 2018, subjects included in the study was healthy non-obese from different areas in Mosul city, so as the control.
Subjects and methods: Forty apparently healthy subjects (Sixteen male and twenty–four female) were included in this study. Blood pressure (BP) were recorded, body weight and body mass index (BMI) were calculated, then a blood sample was taken with assay of fasting serum glucose (FSG), lipid profile {Total cholesterol (TC), triglyceride (TG), high density lipoprotein (HDL –C), while serum low density lipoprotein (LDL –C), very low density lipoprotein (VLDL-C) and atherogenic index (AI)} were calculated by using certain equations and serum uric acid (SUA), was measured for both the intervention and the control groups.
After 2 months of supplementation with encapsulated bee propolis 500 mg twice daily, the BP, body weight, BMI, LDL-C, VLDL-C and AI were calculated and FSG, TC, TG, HDL and SUA were measured for the intervention group. All data were presented as means± standard deviation (SD) of mean. Independed t –test of two mean was used. Dependent t – test of two mean was applied for the differences in the intervention group (before and after). Chi square test of independence was used for categorial variables. P–value≤0.05 was considered statistically significant.
Results: Initially, at the start of the study, there was insignificant difference between the interventions and the control groups with regard age, sex, weight, BMI, systolic and diastolic BP, serum TC, HDL- C, LDL –C, AI and SUA, with a significant differences in FSG, TG, and VLDL. By comparison before and after supplementation in the intervention groups, there was a significant decrease in the systolic and diastolic BP record, FSG, TC, TG, LDL –C, AI, SUA, with a significant increase in body weight and HDL –C.
Conclusion: Bee propolis supplementation at a dose of 500 mg twice daily for 2 months carries a beneficial effects on BP record, FSG, lipid profile, and SUA, which should be taken in preventive medicine, since hyperglycemia, hyperlipidemia and hyperureciemia, contributed to the development of atherosclerosis, cardiovascular and cerebrovascular diseases.